Child Care Aware Project Assistant
Oklahoma State University
BEFORE YOUR CHILD'S FIRST DAY
Prepare your child. Talk to your child about what child care will be like. Even if your child is a toddler, children can usually understand clear explanations. Point to the calendar and talk about what days of the week are work days for you and child care days for him or her. Talk about whether he or she will eat and nap there. Your happy positive attitude and calm voice will help your child know this will be a good place to stay.
Read and look at picture books about child care. Some books show and tell about a day in a family child care home or center. Others deal with feelings a child might have about being away from a parent or playing with other children.
Prepare yourself. Learn about quality child care. Call your county Cooperative Extension Service office and DHS office to receive materials on child care. These materials can help you find a quality child care provider that is best for you and your child.
Before the first day:
- Visit the child care program so you can tell your child about it.
- Take your child for a short visit so he or she can see where children play, eat, and nap.
- Invite your child care provider to visit you at home. She or he, you, and your child can get to know each other.
- Invite another child who is in the same program to play with your child. He or she will have at least one “friend” on the first day of child care.
Cohen, M., Will I Have a Friend?, New York: Aladdin Books, 1967.
Conlin, S. and L. Friedman, Nathan's Day at Preschool, Seattle: Parent Press Inc., 1991.
Essenberg, P. E., You're My Nikki, New York: Dial Books, 1993.
Isadora, R., Friends, New York: Greenwillow Books, 1990.
Oxenbury, H., All Fall Down, New York: MacMillan, 1987.
Rogers, F., Going to Day Care, Pittsburgh: Family Communications Inc., 1985.
Tompert, A., Will You Come Back for Me?, Morton Grove, Illinois: Albert Whitman & Co., 1985.
FIRST DAY TIPS
Plan to spend extra time getting to work and child care. Pack your child's supplies the night before so you will not be rushing in the morning. Rushing adds stress and shortens tempers. You want your child to have a happy start to the day. It makes leaving him or her easier for both of you.
Plan to stay a while the first several mornings. Have another person your child knows stay if you cannot. When it is time for you to leave, say good-bye, give a last hug, and leave directly. Your child may cry at first. This is normal. Usually the tears last for a brief time, six to 20 minutes. Check on your child by phone later.
Plan shorter days for your child to be away from you. Pick him or her up after the morning session first, then after lunch, then after nap, and finally have your child stay the whole day. Perhaps a grandparent or friend your child knows well can help if you cannot pick him or her up early.
Call if you will be late picking up your child. Tell your child if you know you will be one of the last parents to pick up your child every day. Your child can learn to look at the clock and know it is not time to go home yet. Suggest the provider play a game, read to, or do a special activity with the last few children.
Try not to be in a rush to go home. Your child may want to show you some things he or she has done. Do not be surprised if your child acts angry or unhappy to see you, or wants to stay longer. Your child is telling you that he or she needs time to get ready to leave. You can show that you think this is a good place to be by spending time there, talking to the teachers, and visiting with other parents. Meet your child's friends, play with your child for a while, then go home.
Remember to Take on the First Day:
- Your child's comfort item (blanket or stuffed animal).
- Change of clothing and extra sweater.
- Health forms and immunization records.
- Family picture for his or her cubby or crib.
- Phone number where you can be reached.
- Child care phone number (with you).
HELPING YOUR CHILD ADJUST TO CHILD CARE
Your child may take several weeks to feel comfortable at a new child care place. Spend time with your child during this period. Do not lose patience. Show your child you love him or her by hugging and talking with him or her. Talk about your day at work and your child's day at child care. Let your child know you think of him or her often and that you like to be together at the end of the day.
If your child is between 6 and 12 months old, he or she may begin to cry when you leave. This is normal. Your child is beginning to know how special you are, and he or she misses you. From now on, even as an adult, your child will have these feelings from time to time and may cry when leaving you. If you talk about these feelings with your children, they will learn to manage them as they grow.
Sometimes your child will adjust to child care right away. After several weeks, your child may begin crying when you leave. Again, be patient and talk with him or her. Talk with the child care provider. Together you can help your child feel better.
Some children refuse to eat or nap at first. A loving provider will help your child feel safe and comfortable. Tell the provider about your child and family so she or he can talk with your child about family, home, pets, etc.
Try not to make any major changes in your child's life during this time of adjustment. Potty training or moving to another home may be harder for your child during this time.
Keep life simple at home. Try to plan ahead so you do not have to rush each morning.
Ask other parents how they helped their children become used to child care. One parent and her son made cookies together for snack. Another parent let his daughter invite a classmate over to play.
Try not to show your unhappiness when your child is slow to adjust. This will make your child more unhappy. Get to know the child care provider and spend time at the program. This will help you both feel more comfortable.
INTRODUCING YOUR CHILD TO THE CHILD CARE PROVIDER
It takes time for a child to learn to trust a new person. A few careful steps when your child begins child care will help her or him adjust more easily.
Take your child to visit the new provider when there are few children present. The provider will have time to talk with you and your child.
Invite the new provider to your home. You and your child will get to know her or him in familiar surroundings.
Tell your child that the provider will know how to reach you and other relatives or friends. Be sure to tell the provider who will pick up your child. Ask the provider to remind your child how she or he will get home each day.
Spend time in your child's classroom. Share talents you have, or read a book to some of the children. Go on a field trip with the children. If you cannot help during the day program, ask how else you can be of help. Perhaps you can bring materials for art activities.
ESPECIALLY FOR CHILDREN UNDER THREE YEARS OLD
- Allow time for your child to warm up slowly to the child care provider during your visit and first few days.
- Avoid handing your child directly to the child care provider.
- Let your child approach the provider when ready.
- Stay seated so your child can be on your lap or lean against you. She or he will need time to look over the provider, room, toys, and other children.
- Place a small table or chair between you and the provider. This barrier helps your child feel safe while getting to know the provider.
- Encourage the provider to play with a toy in which your child might be interested. They will get to know each other as they play with it together.
- Stay until your child is involved with the provider, toys, or other children.
National Network for Child Care – NNCC. Part of CYFERNET, the National Extension Service
Children Youth and Family Educational Research Network. Permission is granted to reproduce
these materials in whole or in part for educational purposes only (not for profit beyond the cost of
reproduction) provided that the author and Network receive acknowledgment and this notice is
Tweedie , P.S. (1996). “Helping your child adjust to child care.” In Beginning Child Care: CCA 128. Stillwater, OK: Oklahoma State University Cooperative Extension Service.
Any additions or changes to these materials must be preapproved by the author .